Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Flag_of_Vietnam.svgAs a multi-ethnic country, Vietnam has 54 recognized ethnic groups; 53 are ethnic minority groups with an estimated 13 to 14 million people, accounting for around 14% of the country’s total population of 90 million. Each ethnic minority group has its own distinct culture and traditions. The ethnic minorities live scattered throughout the country, but concentrated mostly in the Northern Mountains and Central Highlands in the South. The Vietnamese government does not use the term “indigenous peoples” for any groups but it is generally the ethnic minorities living in the mountainous areas that are referred to as Vietnam’s indigenous peoples. The term ‘ethnic minorities’ is thus often used interchangeably with ‘indigenous peoples’ in Vietnam. Poverty is still high among ethnic minorities. While the national poverty rate fell from 14.2% in 2010 to 9.6% in 2012, in the north-western mountains, mostly inhabited by ethnic minorities, it was still 28.55%. (IWGIA)

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